A block is administered by a Block Development Officer (BDO), who is appointed by the Government of West Bengal. The atomic unit is called a Gram Panchayat, which is the Panchayat organisation for a collection of villages. "the largest district in the country - Midnapore - in West Bengal was on Tuesday formally bifurcated into two districts to facilitate smooth administration. West Bengal State is established on 1-Nov-1956. The largest city in West Bengal is Kolkata. There are 2,03,80,315 houses in the state. Jalpaiguri: A Trinamool Congress leader was shot at in West Bengal's Jalpaiguri district, police said on Friday. [6] Later, larger districts such as West Dinajpur, 24 Parganas and Midnapore were bifurcated. [30] A Police Circle consists of Police Stations, each headed by an Inspector of Police, or in case of rural areas, by a Sub-Inspector of Police. [8], A gram panchayat, which consists of a group of villages, is administered by a village council headed by a Pradhan. It is located on the Bangladesh-India border. In between them, the river Ganga flows eastwards and its main distributary, the Hooghly River, flows south to reach the Bay of Bengal. A block consists of urban units such as census towns and rural units called gram panchayats. [10] The third tier of the Panchayati Raj is Zilla Parishad, a district level organisation with the Sabhapatis of the constituent Panchayat Samitis and the MLAs from the district as its members. Kolkata district is bounded by the North 24 Parganas district on the north and on the east, South 24 Parganas district on the south and Howrah district, across the Hooghly, on the west. The Himalayas lies in the north of the state of West Bengal and the Bay of Bengal is at the south. It is the largest district of West Bengal state by area and second largest by population. It has an area of 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi). In terms of area, it is the smallest amongst all the districts of West Bengal but has the highest density of population. As per ISO 3166-2:IN standard - the ISO code of West Bengal is IN-WB. Between them, the river Ganga flows eastwards and its main distributary, the Hooghly River, flows south to reach the Bay of Bengal. The state of West Bengal was established in 1947 with 14 districts of erstwhile Bengal province of British India. Back in 2010-11, this region was a hotbed of political turbulence and a stronghold of the militant group, Communist Party of India (Maoist) All the Pvt. [1] Later, larger districts such as West Dinajpur, 24 Parganas and Midnapore were bifurcated. There are 2,03,80,315 houses in the state. [22] Other than urban units such as town municipalities, a subdivision contains 'community development blocks' (also known as CD blocks or blocks or Tehsil or Taluka). [7], A district is governed by a District Collector, who is better known as a District Magistrate (DM) in the state of West Bengal. The state of West Bengal tops the list of jute producing states with 7.64 million tonnes of Jute production in the year 2017-18. West Bengal is bordered by three countries: Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh; and five Indian states: Sikkim, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, and Assam. On December 5, crude bombs were allegedly hurled at a BJP rally in West Bengal's Pashchim Bardhaman district on Saturday, injuring a few party workers in the state. Samaj Vikas Samvad, Kolkata, 2017-06-07 – Indian security agencies are on the alert; after seizing nearly 33,000 kg of ammonium nitrate. There are large water bodies in this place where you can enjoy water based activities. West Bengal is an Indian State located in the Eastern region of India. Transfer of administration was started on 12 September 1949 and was completed on 19 January 1950, when Cooch Behar became a district of West Bengal. Largest District by Population in West Bengal: Population: Male: Female: North … Kolkata district is a district in the Indian State of West Bengal, headquartered in Kolkata. [14] District administration of Darjeeling, which is still responsible for election, panchayat, law and order, revenue etc., also acts as an interface between the Council and the State Government. Other districts are further divided into administrative units such as subdivisions and blocks, administered by SDO and BDO, respectively. The capital city of West Bengal is Kolkata. West Bengal is the only state of India that has b… Largest District by Population in West Bengal: Population: Male: Female: North Twenty Four Parganas: 10,009,781: 5,119,389: 4,890,392: South Twenty Four Parganas The literacy rate of West Bengal is 77.08 %. "Arsenic Mitigation in West Bengal, India: New Hope for Millions", http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata/Alipurduar-a-new-district-on-June-25/articleshow/36916065.cms, "Directory of District, Sub division, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008", "Section 9 of West Bengal Panchayat Act, 1973", "Section 94 of West Bengal Panchayat Act, 1973", "Section 140 of West Bengal Panchayat Act, 1973", "Theory of Enclaves, Chapter 6: Enclave stories and case studies", "West Bengal faces another blockade, this time for Kamtapur state", "Section 2 of West Bengal Panchayat Act, 1973", "Section 98 of West Bengal Panchayat Act, 1973", "Section 143 of West Bengal Panchayat Act, 1973", "Section 185 of West Bengal Panchayat Act, 1973", "History of Darjeeling: Darjeeling-Today", "Different Courts in West Bengal (Other than High Courts, Kolkata)", "NIC Policy on format of e-mail Address: Appendix (2): Districts Abbreviations as per ISO 3166–2", Ministry Of Communications and Information Technology, "Area, Population, Decennial Growth Rate and Density for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the Districts", http://aitcofficial.org/aitc/bengal-chief-minister-sub-division-purulia-manbazar-jhalda/, "Indian Districts by Population, Growth Rate, Sex Ratio 2011 Census", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "State Domestic Product and District Domestic Product of West Bengal 2014-15", Official website of Government of West Bengal, List of administrative divisions of India, List of autonomous administrative divisions of India, List of community development blocks in India, Revolutionary movement for Indian independence, List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_districts_of_West_Bengal&oldid=998048285, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 15:26. "the largest district in the country - Midnapore - in West Bengal was on Tuesday formally bifurcated into two districts to facilitate smooth administration. Kolkata: Union Home Minister Amit Shah Sunday challenged the West Bengal government to prove his ministry’s order directing the central deputation of three IPS officers of the state cadre is not legal. The people of West Bengal gave the Congress a chance for three decades and 34 years to the communists. The largest district in terms of population in West Bengal is North 24 Parganas, at 8,934,286. Sikkim and Bhutan are located to the north of the state, Nepal to the northwest, Bihar and Jharkhand in the west, Odisha in the southwest, the Bay of Bengal to the south, and Bangladesh and Assam are in the east. Located in Mayapur in Nadia district of West Bengal, the Temple of Vedic Planetarium has multiple first-evers in the world. 10,009,781. The BJP accused the Trinamool of murder, while the TMC said the death was a result of a fight between two groups of BJP workers. This is as per the Police Act of 1861, which is applicable to the whole of India. Jute is grown in major parts of the lower Ganges plains, especially in the districts of Midnapur, Bardhman, 24 Paraganas, Malda, Murshidabad, etc. Which is the biggest district in West Bengal? Have a look at the best places to visit in West Bengal. [21], A gram panchayat, which consists of a group of villages, is administered by a village council headed by a Pradhan. [16] For every subdivision, there is a Subdivision Police, headed by a Police officer of the rank of Assistant Superintendent of Police or Deputy Superintendent of Police. The districts are grouped into five divisions. 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