Includes cabling from MDA to ER, HDA, TR; Optional cabling between HDAs allowed Consists of the transmission media (optical fiber cable), Further be classified as interbuilding backbone (cabling between buildings), or intrabuilding backbone (cabling within a building). Having presented the currently available standardized Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), published by the International Standards Organization (ISO) in the first installment, this article will present those international standards that reference data center … The IT industry and the world in general are changing at an exponential pace. Standard to used in data center design / building development process Provides input during the construction process and cuts across the multidisciplinary design efforts; By addressing the multi-disciplinary aspects, promotes cooperation in the design and construction Do have to mention that it is a little heavy on the telecommunications standards than others – given its origin. Although a standard, tier system is provided as “informative and not considered to be requirements of this Standard”. Data center standards exist to evaluate the quality and reliability of a data center’s server hosting ability. The four tiers, as classified by The Uptime Institute include the following: Tier 1 : composed of a single path for power and cooling distribution, without redundant components, providing 99.671% availability. Data Center Operations Specialist® 3-Day Certification Course This course targets Data Center Mangers, Data Center Planners and Data Center Strategists that are responsible for overseeing, maintaining, managing & planning of Data Center capacities, efficiencies, availabilities and operations on for its intended purposes … Data Center standard . Use Best Practices to Design Data Center Facilities Michael A. The Tiers are compared in the table bel… * If you get a chance to go through this document, you notice that it is fairly simple and applies a lot of common sense; probably, at the end of this review you will say.. Data Center Cabling Electrical Cooling Tier System, According to TIA-942, a data center should include the following key functional areas: • One or more Entrance Rooms • Main Distribution Area (MDA) • One or more Horizontal Distribution Areas (HDA) • Equipment Distribution Area (EDA) • An optional Zone Distribution Area (ZDA) • Backbone and Horizontal Cabling, Entrance Room Analogy: “Entrance Facility” Main Distribution Area (MDA) Analogy: “Equipment Room” Horizontal Distribution Area (HDA) Analogy: “Telecom Room” Zone Distribution Area (ZDA) Analogy: “Consolidation Point” Equipment Distribution Area (EDA) Analogy: “Work Area” Entrance Room (ER) : Location of interface with campus and carrier entrance facilities Location for access provider equipment, demarcation points and interface with other campus locations. So what make one data center different from another: Levels of redundancy (cooling, electrical, connectivity, etc.) Large organizations that are required to manage a large number of branches such as banks, communication / Internet service providers, oil business or electric generating … The three major data center design and infrastructure standards developed for the industry include:Uptime Institute's Tier StandardThis standard develops a performance-based methodology for the data center during the design, construction, and commissioning phases to determine the resiliency of the facility with respect to four Tiers or le… TIA 942 Established by a standards body TIA and recognized by ANSI TIA 942 tier system is based on Uptime Institute’s Tier Performance Standards. Data Center Standards: How TIA-942 and BICSI-002 Work Together Jonathan Jew – President, J&M Consultants, Inc TIA TR-42 Secretary TIA TR-42.3 Vice-Chair BICSI Data Center Subcommittee Co-Chair USTAG ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC 25 WG 3 Vice-Chair. Too noisy Insufficient space To many servers to have individual consoles for each. It is a common color selection for presentation in IT organizations. Can have core aggregation switches / routers Horizontal Distribution Area (HDA) Main transition point between backbone and horizontal cabling and houses the LAN, SAN and KVM switches that connect to the active equipment (servers, mainframes, storage devices). Services delivered to the rack location are specified in units of measure, such as watts or Btus, thus forming the term rack location unit The reality is that a computer room usually deploys a mix of varying RLU power densities throughout its overall area. 1. The Uptime Institute uses a somewhat mysterious four-tier ranking system as a benchmark for determining the reliability of a data center. TIA-942 Data Center Standards Overview Site Space and Layout Proper space allocation for a data center starts with ensuring that space can be easily reallocated to changing environments and growth. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Data Center Communications Data centers are noisy due to fans, disk drives, and the AC. • It takes about 160cfm for 1kW of heat or 2500 cfm for 18kW of heat • An average perforated floor tile will disperse 250-300 cfm •“ Equipment on the upper 2/3 of the rack fail twice as often as equipment on the bottom 1/3 of the rack” 1. * TIA – Telecommunications Industry Association * Focus on TIA-942 data standards and some of the best practices surrounding a data center. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Help with site layout also - Knowing the RLUs for power and cooling enable the data center manager to adjust the physical design, the power and cooling equipment, and rack configurations within the facility to meet the systems' requirements. Design Implications The vast majority of existing data centers designs do not correctly address the above factors and suffer from unexpected capacity limitations, inadequate redundancy, and poor efficiency. Data centers have to stay up and running. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Today, data centers in the US need to comply to the NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) 75 and 76 revised standards to ensure that fire suppression mechanisms are in place. Recently, our data center auditors, UHY LLP, presented us with an update on what’s going on in the world of SAS 70, SSAE 16, SOC 2 and SOC 3 auditing standards for data centers. Location: Avoid locations that are restricted by building components that limit expansion such as elevators, core, outside walls, or other fixed building walls. The TIA-942, provides specific details at every tier level and across a wide range of elements including telecom, architectural, electrical, mechanical, monitoring, and operations. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. This is the second installment of a 2-part series introducing international data center standards. The Uptime Institute Established in 1995 Not a standards body Widely referenced in the data center construction industry Uptime’s method includes four tiers; Provides a high level guideline but does not provide specific design details for each Tier. For example, the TIA-942 specifies that a tier 2 data center should have two access provider entrance pathways that are at least 20 m (66 ft) apart. Expanding volumes of data managing highly complex and wildly heterogeneous environments Q: By show of hands, how many people actually track cost of data center operations, including energy costs? data center validation and performance benchmarking. Data Centre Design Guideline and Standards 2. • Introduction to Data Centre • Standards and Certification • Topology Standard : EPI and UTI • Topology Standard : Best Practice • Engine Generator Rating : UTI • Hybrid Topology : EPI and UTI • Safety, Security and Fire Suppression • Data … We'll look at the industry cleaning standards that help keep data quality perfect. Accessibility for the delivery of large equipment to the equipment room should be provided EMI: Sources: electronics devices that transmit data over a medium EMI can couple itself onto data lines and corrupt data packets being transmitted on that medium. Objective of standard: Provide requirements & guidelines for the design & installation of a data center or computer room. TIA-942: Data Center Standards (& best practices) Sri Chalasani Merit 2010 Conference May 25, 2010. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Signal Ref. An equipotential grid significantly reduces potential differences, thus reducing current flow thereby eliminating the adverse affect on logic circuits SRG not required with modern IT equipment; The advent of Ethernet and fiber data interfaces have dramatically reduced the susceptibility of IT equipment to noise and transients, particularly when compared with the ground referenced IT interface technologies of 20 years ago. The increased demands on enterprise data centers stem from New business realities, Increased energy costs, Deploy and manage applications that require higher availability and increased service levels for uptime and responsiveness Regulatory compliance requirements for data retention and security Implement green computing practices, both of which reduce costs by lowering data center power consumption. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Monitoring and notification Staffing to maintain the facility. ZDA cannot contain any cross connects or active equipment. Data Center Design Christopher Geyer A Data Center Highly secure, fault-resistant facilities housing equipment that connect to telecommunications networks. Capacity (space, cooling, electrical, network connectivity etc.) Not difficult to understand – but implementation can be fairly complex, 1. retrofit), choosing a criticality is limited to the constraints of the existing structure Identify the major constraints to see if they can be addressed or acceptable risk to the business. Purpose of the Standard This standard is intended to describe minimum requirements based on uptime, availability and security that UNM Data Center and Server Room facilities need to meet in order to guide managers of these facilities in appropriate safeguards for University and individual data and information. Resilient data center designwith fire barriers and robust building architecture 2. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Provides more details that the other two. Microsoft PowerPoint - TIA-942 Datacenter Infrastructure Standard, No public clipboards found for this slide. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Nowadays, it is well known that Information technology (IT) management system is very important for operation of businesses of all sizes. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. It generally includes redundant or backup power supplies, redundant data communications connections, environmental controls (e.g., air conditioning, fire suppression) and security devices. In fact, according to Moore’s Law (named after the co-founder of Intel, Gordon Moore), computing power doubles every few years. TR’s Main Distribution Area (MDA) Centralized portion of the backbone cabling Providing connectivity between equipment rooms, entrance facilities, horizontal cross-connects, and intermediate cross-connects. The CBN is connected to the exterior grounding electrode system. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The first attempt of providing some level of standardization was to provide a tier system – a system that specifies the availability and reliability of a data center, Q What is the difference between Uptime and TIA-942? This proprietary rating system begins with Tier I data centers, which are warehouses … Location of horizontal cross-connect (HC); HDA houses cross connects and active equipment (switches) for connecting to the equipment distribution area or Zone Distribution Area (if available) and storage area network (SAN). Consistent application of standards is necessary to have an integrated solution for a specific data center. Its core mission is to provide remedy to the current data center industry gaps via developing the next-generation data center standards … The principal goals in data center design are flexibility and scalability, which involve site location, building selection, floor layout, electrical system design, mechanical Floor Loading: Lbf / Sq ft: A pound-foot is a unit of torque (a vector). * Recommend UPS equipment outside of the main data center – 13 – 18% of heat generated from UPS, Higher equipment failures at top of the rack In the EDA, racks and cabinets should be arranged in a hot aisle/cold aisle configuration to encourage airflow and reduce heat, Unstructured Cabling or ad-hoc cabling : Installing cabling when you need it – primarily serves as a single use cable Structured Cabling : an organized reusable and flexible cabling system Very large emphasis on Cabling in the document Multidisciplinary Design Considerations in cabling Horizontal cabling Backbone cabling Cross-connect in the entrance room or main distribution area Main cross-connect (MC) in the main distribution area Horizontal cross-connect (HC) in the telecommunications room, horizontal distribution area or main distribution area Zone outlet or consolidation point in the zone distribution area; and Outlet in the equipment distribution area. Advantages of a ZDA Reduces pathway congestion Limits data center disruption from the MDA and eases implementation of MACs Enables a modular solution for a “pay-as-you-grow” approach Simple to deploy and/or redeploy if needed typically does not contain active electronics, but with Top of Rack topologies, I think it would qualify as a ZDA. After a review of basic testing concepts and industry-standard testing methodologies, this document discusses each of the new data center technologies in turn, with detailed coverage of the major testing challenges for each. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. There is still a lot of confusion around these standards and they still seem to be evolving, so I’m writing this article with the … There is no doubt that industry guidelines and standards will speed successful design deployments while maintaining an appropriate eye on the cost of the EDC resources. ER is connected to the data center MDA through backbone cabling. 3. Data Centre Design Guideline and Standards Presented by Khan Muhammad Fuad Bin Enayet Assistant General Manager, Fiber@Home Limited. Audience: Primarily intended for use by CIO, Data Center Operations Manager, Infrastructure Engineers (servers / network / cabling), Facilitate communications with architects, facility management, ANSI/BICSI-002 "Data Center Design Standard & Recommended Practices" These 21 areas can be boiled down to one of these 8 core areas Sizing and selection: Design Process, Space Planning, Site Selection Cabling infrastructure and administration: cabinets and racks, cabling pathways, cabling systems, cabling field testing Architectural and structural considerations: Architectural, Structural, Commissioning Security and Fire Protection: Fire protection, Security, building automation, Electrical, Grounding, and Mechanical Systems: Electrical, HVAC/Mechanical, Applications Distances: Redundancy, information technology, Maintenance Access Provider Coordination and Demarcation: access providers, telecom space, telecom administration, Operations (? As stated earlier, some of this may not be any ‘earth shattering’ information, but this standard functions as a collection point for a lot of the common sense type of activities related to the data center. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. would be placed in an Edge Data Center by 2025. Provide specific design criteria for designers build to a specific tier level and allows data center owners to evaluate their own design Comparison of the three Uptime method and Syska method , do not provide details needed to articulate the differences between levels. * Wikipedia.org: A data center or datacenter is a facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems. Sri Chalasani (Plante & Moran) is available to provide consulting on data center and infrastructure solutions. Show: Recommended. * If you get a chance to go through this document, you notice that it is fairly simple and applies a lot of common sense; probably, at the end of this review you will say.. Hmmm I know that – the TIA puts structure to random common sense. Jonathan Jew • 30+ years • 90+ data center projects However, the editing features of PowerPoint assist the users to customize the color theme of the orchestrated data center template. Non-Compliance Trends Cont.. An investment in one segment must be met with a similar investment in each of the other segments if any of the elements in the combined solution are to have the desired effect on IT availability. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Bell Data centers seldom meet the operational and capacity requirements of their initial designs. Operation of businesses of all sizes activity data to personalize ads and to show you more ads... 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